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refractory materials properties using method

  • Refractory Testing - NETZSCH Thermal Academy

    Several methods have been developed for the determination of thermal conductivity of refractory and heat insulating materials at elevated temperatures. The only internationally standardized method is the hot-wire method (ISO 8894). The hot-wire method is a dynamic, absolute method based on the measurement of the temperature increase

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  • Prediction of mechanical properties in magnesia

    2009-11-1 · The mechanical properties (σ and E) of refractory materials were calculated using chemical composition (MgO, Cr 2 O 3, Al 2 O 3, Fe 2 O 3, CaO and SiO 2) and process temperatures (25, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800, 900, 1000 and 1400 °C). Using ANN …

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  • The Properties of Refractory and Heat Insulation

    2014-11-11 · Practical examples are given, proving the importance of the properties of refractory and carbon cathode materials for direct use in reduction cells and melting and holding furnaces for aluminium. Specific questions that arise in practical work between the producers of the materials and the metallurgists using these materials, together with physical aspects of properties, are addressed.

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  • Thermal conductivity of high porosity alumina

    2013-12-1 · High porosity alumina refractory bricks can be produced using the GS method in which foam with 90–97.5% porosity could be fabricated. These foams have high compression strength from 0.2 to 3 MPa, which is proportional to the square of the bulk density.

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  • Theoretical Calculation of Thermodynamic Properties of ...

    2018-2-5 · The resistance against deformation at high temperatures makes the refractory metals suitable against strong forces at high temperature, for example in jet engines, or tools used during forging. Refractory metals are used in lighting, tools, lubricants, nuclear reaction control rods, as catalysts, and for their chemical or electrical properties. It is good to have fundamental knowledge of structure and …

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  • Refractory, what is it and what does it do? | African ...

    2013-10-3 · These are given below: Thermal – The important properties for thermal stresses are pyrometric cone equivalent (PCE), refractoriness under load (RUL), Thermal expansion under load (creep), hot modulus of rupture, thermal expansion, reheat change (after-shrinkage and after-expansion) and thermal shock resistance.

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  • Introduction to the Characteristics of Refractories and ...

    2014-6-19 · Refractories are materials capable of withstanding very high temperature without an undue deformation, softening or change in composition. They include aluminosilicates, silica, magnesite, chrome, carbon, carbides, nitrides etc., and they are classified as acid, basic and neutral refractories.

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  • Evaluation of the Refractory Properties of Nigerian ...

    2020-1-4 · the corrosion resistance of refractory parts by modifying their porosities [6–8]. The discrete element method (DEM) is a numerical method that is widely accepted as a useful tool to analyze the behavior of granular materials and solve di erent engineering problems, such as granular flows, powder mechanics, and rock mechanics.

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  • Refractory Materials for Secondary Steelmaking

    2020-3-2 · In recent years, researchers reported various technical problems and industrial challenges concerning refractory materials that are not easily solved using conventional experimental methods. Thus, numerical computational tools emerged to better understand the physical problems and to analyze such complex conditions.The finite element method (FEM) is one of the most popu-lar approaches for …

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  • Properties Of Refractory Materials | Mecholic

    2021-6-8 · @article{osti_4057310, title = {THERMAL PROPERTIES OF REFRACTORY MATERIALS}, author = {Lehman, G W}, abstractNote = {A pulse heating method for measuring the specific heat of conductors from near absolute zero to their melting point is described. Results obtained on copper, iron molybdenum, tantalum, and rhenium are reported. They indicate that the pulsed heating method gives …

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  • THERMAL PROPERTIES OF REFRACTORY MATERIALS

    2016-3-25 · Alumina refractory materials that consist of aluminium oxide with little traces of impurities are known as pure alumina. Alumina is one of the most chemically stable oxides known. It is mechanically very strong, insoluble in water, super heated steam, and most inorganic acids and alkalies. Its properties …

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  • Properties of Refractories - Mu

    2014-11-11 · Specific questions that arise in practical work between the producers of the materials and the metallurgists using these materials, together with physical aspects of properties, are addressed. One example is the relativity of thermal conductivity measurements, depending on the principle of measurement, testing procedure, standard, and equipment.

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  • The Properties of Refractory and Heat Insulation

    2020-1-4 · the corrosion resistance of refractory parts by modifying their porosities [6–8]. The discrete element method (DEM) is a numerical method that is widely accepted as a useful tool to analyze the behavior of granular materials and solve di erent engineering problems, such as granular flows, powder mechanics, and rock mechanics [9].

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  • Refractory Materials for Secondary Steelmaking

    2013-10-3 · The important properties with respect to porosity is its behaviour during chemical attack by molten metal, slag, fluxes and vapour which can penetrate and thereby contribute to degradation of the refractory structure. High porosity materials tend to be highly insulating as …

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  • Refractory, what is it and what does it do? | African ...

    2015-12-11 · to the investigation of refractory concrete properties was successfully conducted, as a result ... and therefore its application in the design of refractory materials in not uncommon [10-15]. ... microscopy method (SEM) using a JEOL JSM-5800 microscope. Samples were crushed, and

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  • Introduction to the Characteristics of Refractories and ...

    2014-6-19 · In this paper, the refractory properties of clay from Ozanagogo had been studied for possible utilization in refractory production. The clay had a specific gravity of 2.57, linear firing shrinkage of 1.01%, 2.14 g/cm3 bulk density and porosity of 20.4%. A cold crushing strength of 17.48 MN/m2 was obtained with modulus of rupture of 8.28 MN/m2.

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  • Evaluating Refractory Properties - Resco Products

    Refractory Properties. Refractory properties are broken into mechanical physical properties and high-temperature properties. Typically, refractory materials are characterized by density, strength, and response to heat treatment. Certain physical properties are also measured and recorded during manufacture and serve as a basis for quality control.

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  • Properties of Refractories - Mu

    2016-3-25 · Alumina refractory materials that consist of aluminium oxide with little traces of impurities are known as pure alumina. Alumina is one of the most chemically stable oxides known. It is mechanically very strong, insoluble in water, super heated steam, and most inorganic acids and alkalies. Its properties …

    Get Price
  • THERMAL PROPERTIES OF REFRACTORY MATERIALS

    2021-6-8 · @article{osti_4057310, title = {THERMAL PROPERTIES OF REFRACTORY MATERIALS}, author = {Lehman, G W}, abstractNote = {A pulse heating method for measuring the specific heat of conductors from near absolute zero to their melting point is described. Results obtained on copper, iron molybdenum, tantalum, and rhenium are reported. They indicate that the pulsed heating method gives …

    Get Price
  • Composition and Refractory Properties of Mixtures of ...

    2013-12-24 · elaboration of mullite refractory materials between 1500˚C and 1600C. An X-ray diffraction ˚ (XRD) analysis showed that the refractory samples are composed of mullite, corundum and silica. The length of the mullite crystals was meas- ured by a method of image analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Chemical and mechanical properties of

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  • Increase refractory materials anti damage ability by ...

    2021-4-13 · Flame gunning method of flame gunning refractory products, powder particles melt in the liquid or gaseous fuel flame, and was sent to the surface to be repaired. At this point the masonry was nozzle flame supplementary heating, so using this method may not have special restrictions on temperature is put forward in this paper, and can adopt ...

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  • STRUCTURAL AND PHYSICAL PROPERTIES OF

    2018-4-25 · basic characteristics, the crystallisation of refractory cordierite with periclace addition were studied by means of x-ray diffraction(XRD), and microstructural development of refractory cordierite by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) studies. In this study, the phases present was obtained based on its weight percentage using the Rietveld method.

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  • Evaluation of the Refractory Properties of Nigerian ...

    2018-12-11 · Using boiling method, the test specimen measuring 30 mm × 30 mm × 20 mm was cut from the fired refractory brick and then dried in an oven at 110˚C to a constant weight (D). The dried specimen was suspended freely in distilled water and boiled for 2 hours, cooled to room tem- perature and its weight (S) noted. The specimen was re-

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  • Refractory Materials for Flame Deflector Protection

    2008-12-17 · Refractory Materials for Flame Deflector Protection ... testing results of some alternate refractory materials are compared with the physical properties of the current material, Fondu Fyre. Tests included bulk density, porosity, modulus of rupture, thermal shock and ... All three materials were applied by the gunite method and then sectioned to ...

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  • Overview of Refractory Materials - PDHonline.com

    2012-5-29 · Overview of Refractory Materials A. Bhatia, B.E. COURSE CONTENT Abstract Refractories are heat resistant materials used in almost all processes involving high temperatures and/or corrosive environment. These are typically used to insulate and protect industrial furnaces and vessels due to their excellent resistance to heat, chemical attack and

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  • A new method to determine the Young's modulus of ...

    2021-6-10 · new method presented in this paper is ap- plied on refractory materials, it is worth men- tioning that it can be used to determine the Young's modulus of any material. 2 Material and experimental methods 2.1 Materials This contribution has been performed in the framework of a French ANR project dealing with the degradation Of refractory materials

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  • Evaluating Refractory Properties - Resco Products

    Refractory Properties. Refractory properties are broken into mechanical physical properties and high-temperature properties. Typically, refractory materials are characterized by density, strength, and response to heat treatment. Certain physical properties are also measured and recorded during manufacture and serve as a basis for quality control.

    Get Price
  • METHOD FOR DETERMINING TENSILE PROPERTIES OF

    method for determining tensile properties of refractory materials at elevated temperatures * Joseph R. Bressman , Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory Cleveland Airport Cleveland, Ohio

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  • Refractory raw materials, method for production

    Refractory raw materials, method for production thereof and refractory using the material ... various refractory fillers can be used on the basis of the purpose and the required properties as refractories. Refractory oxides such as magnesia, calcia, alumina, spinel and zirconia, carbides such as silicon carbide and boron carbide, borates such ...

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  • Composition and Refractory Properties of Mixtures of ...

    2013-12-24 · elaboration of mullite refractory materials between 1500˚C and 1600C. An X-ray diffraction ˚ (XRD) analysis showed that the refractory samples are composed of mullite, corundum and silica. The length of the mullite crystals was meas- ured by a method of image analysis of scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Chemical and mechanical properties of

    Get Price
  • US7060642B2 - Refractory raw materials, method for ...

    Refractory raw materials, method for production thereof and refractory using the material Download PDF Info Publication number US7060642B2. US7060642B2 US10/469,532 US46953203A US7060642B2 US 7060642 B2 US7060642 B2 US 7060642B2 US 46953203 A US46953203 A US 46953203A US 7060642 B2 US7060642 B2 US 7060642B2

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  • Properties of Refractories – IspatGuru

    The Applicator shall prepare a number of sample (panels) using the sample refractory materials being installed. The minimum number of samples is the following. 2. Samples are either a standard shape (230mm x 114mm x 62mm minimum dimensions) or a box specimen (280mm x 180mm x 75 mm minimum dimensions) in a hardwood box.

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  • REFRACTORY WORK PROCEDURE | METHOD

    2017-8-4 · Description of some refractory Fireclays Common fire clays contain 25 to 45% Al2O3 and 50‐ 80% SiO2. Clays with higher Al2O3 are higher alumina refractories. Properties • Porosity varies from 8 to 24% depending on the firing temperature.

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  • Lecture 15: Application of Refractory Materials

    2018-12-11 · Using boiling method, the test specimen measuring 30 mm × 30 mm × 20 mm was cut from the fired refractory brick and then dried in an oven at 110˚C to a constant weight (D). The dried specimen was suspended freely in distilled water and boiled for 2 hours, cooled to room tem- perature and its weight (S) noted. The specimen was re-

    Get Price
  • Refractory raw materials, method for production

    Refractory raw materials, method for production thereof and refractory using the material ... various refractory fillers can be used on the basis of the purpose and the required properties as refractories. Refractory oxides such as magnesia, calcia, alumina, spinel and zirconia, carbides such as silicon carbide and boron carbide, borates such ...

    Get Price
  • Refractory spraying material construction method

    Refractory spraying material construction method,Spray repair construction was first developed for converters, and then gradually applied to blast furnace bodies, torpedo tankers, electric furnaces, ladles, vacuum degassing devices, etc.

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  • Refractory Metals: Properties, Types and Applications

    2019-9-4 · Some of the important properties of refractories are: Melting point: Pure substances melt instantly at a specific temperature. Most refractory materials consist of particles bonded together that have high melting temperatures. At high temperatures, these particles melt and form slag. The melting point of the refractory is the temperature at which

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  • A Primer on the Basic Physical Properties of a

    Five mixtures (M1 to M5) of silica-alumina geomaterials and two varieties of alumina (AP and AR) were used for the elaboration of mullite refractory materials between 1500℃ and 1600℃. An X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the refractory samples are composed of mullite, corundum and silica. The length of the mullite crystals was measured by a method of image analysis of scanning ...

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  • FURNACES AND REFRACTORIES - Modern Eq

    2018-11-15 · high silica refractory materials (first revision) 1528 Methods of sampling and physical tests for refractory ... 2009 Method of test for dense shaped refractory products — ... specimens required for evaluation of the properties particularly bulk density, MOR, CCS, thermal conductivity and linear change.

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  • [PDF] Composition and Refractory Properties of

    2021-7-7 · In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Meaning of Refractories 2. Properties of Refractories 3. Refractory Fibres 4. Uses. Meaning of Refractories: . The term refractories embraces all materials used in the arts for the construction of heat resisting containers, using the word in its broadest sense, whether it be to afford space for the evolution of gases in combustion processes or the ...

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  • IS 10570 (2011): METHODS OF TESTING REFRACTORY

    the properties of initial components and the production method . C omputational methods were used to reveal m acrokinetics of processes and determine the possible formation of mullite structures and corundum in aluminosilicate refractory SHS materials during the synthesis reaction s.

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  • Refractories: Properties and Types | Engineering

    Therefore, there is need to develop the local refractory materials for their application in the required industries. Thus, this work studies the physical, chemical and thermal properties of Ibamajo, Mowe and Nkwo-Alaike clays to determine their suitability for refractory bricks production. 2.0 Experimental Method 2.1 Materials and Equipment

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  • Refractory Metals: Properties, Types and Applications

    Refractory spraying material construction method,Spray repair construction was first developed for converters, and then gradually applied to blast furnace bodies, torpedo tankers, electric furnaces, ladles, vacuum degassing devices, etc.

    Get Price
  • Refractory spraying material construction method

    Five mixtures (M1 to M5) of silica-alumina geomaterials and two varieties of alumina (AP and AR) were used for the elaboration of mullite refractory materials between 1500℃ and 1600℃. An X-ray diffraction (XRD) analysis showed that the refractory samples are composed of mullite, corundum and silica. The length of the mullite crystals was measured by a method of image analysis of scanning ...

    Get Price
  • A Primer on the Basic Physical Properties of a

    Abstract Refractory high-entropy alloys hold the potential for high-temperature applications beyond the capability of the state-of-the-art Ni-based superalloys, and thus, it is important to study their solid solution formation characteristics and mechanical properties. In this study, designed by CALPHAD method, formation of as-cast arc-melted body-centered cubic MoNbTaTiV was experimentally ...

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  • [PDF] Composition and Refractory Properties of

    2019-12-30 · Refractory materials – definition. Refractory refers to the mechanical strength of the material at high temperatures. Refractory materials are characterized by a high melting point, and when exposed to high temperatures they do not lose their strength and of form. ASTM (the American Society for Testing and Materials) defines refractories as ...

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  • Mechanical properties of refractory high-entropy

    Refractory Standards. ASTM's refractory standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of various materials and products made of refractory. These materials, which are commonly made from the oxides of aluminum (alumina), silicon (silica), magnesium (magnesia), and calcium ...

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  • Refractory Materials - Definition, Classification,

    the properties of initial components and the production method . C omputational methods were used to reveal m acrokinetics of processes and determine the possible formation of mullite structures and corundum in aluminosilicate refractory SHS materials during the synthesis reaction s.

    Get Price
  • Refractory Standards - Standards Worldwide

    Therefore, there is need to develop the local refractory materials for their application in the required industries. Thus, this work studies the physical, chemical and thermal properties of Ibamajo, Mowe and Nkwo-Alaike clays to determine their suitability for refractory bricks production. 2.0 Experimental Method 2.1 Materials and Equipment

    Get Price
  • Fracture properties of a refractory high- entropy alloy ...

    2018-11-6 · refractory HEAs. Using this technique, combined with finite element method (FEM) simulations, we are able to calculate the fracture toughness and strengths of the HEA micro -cantilevers and also compare them with other reported micrometer-sized materials such as , ceramics [16, 17], intermetallics[18, 19 ], and metals [20, 21]. A bulk Nb

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  • A Primer on the Basic Physical Properties of a

    2020-3-5 · Refractory materials are basically inorganic non-metallic substances. Refractory Material Testing Properties and Testing of Refractory Materials. Refractory materials are basically inorganic non-metallic substances which are composed of thermally stable mineral aggregates, a binder phase, and additives. ... Depending on the method of ...

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  • Refractory Material Testing - Lab Testing Services for ...

    Refractory Standards. ASTM's refractory standards are instrumental in specifying, testing, and evaluating the chemical, physical, and mechanical properties of various materials and products made of refractory. These materials, which are commonly made from the oxides of aluminum (alumina), silicon (silica), magnesium (magnesia), and calcium ...

    Get Price
  • Refractory Standards - Standards Worldwide

    Mechanical Properties of Magnesia and Magnesia-Chromite Refractory Materials p.1779. Calculation of Temperature and Thermal Stress in Refractory Materials Quenched in Water Using Finite Element Methods p.1783. Fundamentals for Optimization of Binding for High Refractory Mullite Products ...

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  • Calculation of Temperature and Thermal Stress in ...

    2017-7-20 · The contact-conduction method was successful in creating significant thermal gradients in the refractory specimens. Thermocouples on refractory located at 1cm from the steel-refractory show temperature variation of about 500°C and 575°C for cold- and hot-refractory specimen, respectively after 3 …

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  • Modeling of Thermal Stress Cycling in Refractory Materials

    Therefore, there is need to develop the local refractory materials for their application in the required industries. Thus, this work studies the physical, chemical and thermal properties of Ibamajo, Mowe and Nkwo-Alaike clays to determine their suitability for refractory bricks production. 2.0 Experimental Method 2.1 Materials and Equipment

    Get Price
  • Characterization of Ibamajo, Mowe and Nkwo-Alaike ...

    2020-6-24 · Microstructure and mechanical properties of five Nb alloys containing 8 to 17 at.% Mo, 8 or 35 at.% Zr, up to 7 at.% Ti, up to 2 at.% Al and up to 2 at.% Cr are reported. These alloys have been developed to replace heavy, expensive and difficult to ...

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  • Refractory Materials - SlideShare

    2021-7-6 · The entire submission and review process for the International Journal of Refractory Metals and Hard Materials proceeds entirely online using the Editorial Manager, which shortens publication times. Prior to submitting your paper, please follow the instructions on …

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